Starting from January 2017, O-Pol and O-Lav have been united into a single observatory: Observatory for Eocnomic Dynamics, O-De (http://www.ode.usi.ch/).
O-Lav, the Labour Market Observatory, was started in 2002, and it was the first observatory created by the Institute of Economic Research. Following the entry into force of the Agreement on the Free Movement of Persons between Switzerland and the European Union, on June 1, 2002, each Swiss canton has set up the "tripartite commissions" in order to controlling and monitoring the regional labour market. Consequently, The Ticino State Council has denoted the IRE and the O-Lav as scientific partners with the task of analysing the dynamics, risks and opportunities of the regional labour market.
Currently, O-Lav maintains and updates the model that allows the estimation of wage thresholds in sectors without a minimum wage. O-Lav maintains also the model for monitoring “wage dumping”, that is currently used to check the existence of wage dumping in a given economic sector.
Besides these purely technical tasks the observatory is engaged in a work of disclosure, in order to provide an update on the situation of the cantonal labour market through the analysis of data from different sources and with different terms of output. The observatory's employees are also constantly working on studies and scientific reports specifically commissioned about particular characteristics of the regional labour market. An in depth analysis of the regional labour market should not be limited to the examination of labour supply and demand, but it should also contemplate factors underlying these forces and the consequences of their interactions; the analysis is therefore based on a regional labour market model and considers a logical comparison between Ticino and the surroundings regions.
In recent years, finally, as a result of the changes in the labour markets, the Observatory has started the analysis of Active Labour Market Policies (ALMP), which, through a comprehensive approach, aim at improving labour offer or demand or promote economic growth. The nature of those measures concern how ALMP at the local level can be a useful complement to the regional development strategies: the inclusion of ALMP in a traditional regional development approach provides an opportunity to foster a strong and effective local growth.